Ideas and Movements that Shaped America: From the Bill of Rights to ""Occupy Wall Street"" [3 volumes]
Description: Presenting accessibly written information for general audiences as well as students and researchers, this three-volume work examines the evolution of American society and thought from the nation's beginnings to the 21st century. It covers the seminal ideas and social movements that define who we are as Americans-from the ideas that underpin the Bill of Rights to slavery, the Civil Rights movement, and the idea of gay rights-even if U.S. citizens often strongly disagree on these topics. Organized topically rather than chronologically, this encyclopedia combines primary sources and secondary works or historical analyses with text describing the ideas and movements in question. In addition, each entry includes a list of suggestions for further reading that directs readers to supplementary sources of information. The set's unique perspective serves to depict how American society has evolved from the nation's beginnings to the present, revealing how Americans as a people have acted and responded to key ideas and movements.
Contents: Cover;Volume 1: A-E;Half Title;Title;Copyright;Contents;Preface;Acknowledgments;Introduction;Chronology;A;Abolition;Emancipation Proclamation (January 1, 1863);Affirmative Action;Gratz v. Bollinger (2003);African American Civil Rights Movement;Civil Rights Act of 1964 (July 2, 1964);Agrarianism;""Introduction: A Statement of Principles"" from I'll Take My Stand: The South and the Agrarian Tradition by Twelve Southerners (1930);American Missionary Movement;""A Layman's Thoughts on Layman's Work"" by Henry W. Jessup (September 1893);Americanization;Speech by Louis Brandeis on True Americanism (July 5, 1915);Anarchist Movement;""What Is Anarchism?"" from Alexander Berkman's Now and After: The ABC of Communist Anarchism (1929);Animal Rights Movement;An Act for the More Effectual Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (New York State) (1867);Anticommunism;North Atlantic Treaty (April 4, 1949);Anti-Federalism;Patrick Henry's Speech ""Dangerous Ambiguities"" (July 5, 1788);Anti-Immigration;Immigration Act of 1924 (Johnson-Reed Act) (May 26, 1924);Anti-Lynching Movement;""Lynch Law in America"" by Ida B. Wells-Barnett (January 1900);Anti-Semitism;Article by Henry Ford in The Dearborn Independent Newspaper (1920);Antislavery;Hinton Rowan Helper's The Impending Crisis of the South: How to Meet It (1857);Anti-Smoking Movement;Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (June 22, 2009);Antiwar Movement (Vietnam Era);Testimony of John F. Kerry to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (April 22, 1971);Asian Rights Movement;Chinese Exclusion Act (May 6, 1882);B;Back to Africa Movement;""Declaration of the Rights of the Negro Peoples of the World"": The Principles of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) (August 13, 1920);Beat Movement;Part I of Allen Ginsberg's Howl (1955);Big Oil;President Jimmy Carter's Address to the Nation on Energy and National Goals (""The Malaise Speech"") (July 15, 1979);Bill of Rights;U.S. Bill of Rights (December 15, 1791);Bimetallism;William Jennings Bryan's ""Cross of Gold"" Speech (July 9, 1896);Birth Control Movement;Correspondence of Margaret Sanger and Katharine Dexter McCormick (1948-1955);Black Islamist Movement;Elijah Muhammad Addressing a Meeting of His Followers (1964) (Photograph);Black Power Movement;Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Cointelpro Memo Regarding the Activities of the Black Panther Party (BPP) (May 13, 1969);Born-Again Movement;President Jimmy Carter's Remarks at the 26th Annual National Prayer Breakfast (February 2, 1978);Boycotts;Code of the City of Montgomery, Alabama (1952);C;Canal Construction;Robert Fulton's Letter to Secretary of Treasury Albert Gallatin, as Appended to the Secretary's Report on Public Roads and Canals (1808);Capital Punishment;Furman v. Georgia (1972);Capitalism;""Chapter 1: Of the Division of Labour"" from Adam Smith's An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776);Catholicism;Address of Senator John F. Kennedy to the Greater Houston Ministerial Association (September 12, 1960);Chattel Slavery;Chapter 1 from Frederick Douglass's Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: An American Slave (1845);Chicano Rights;Cesar Chávez's Address to the Commonwealth Club of California (November 9, 1984);Children's Rights;United Nation's Convention on the Rights of the Child (November 20, 1989);Christian Fundamentalism;""The Descent of the Modernists"" (Illustration);Civil Disobedience;Journal of John Woolman on War Taxes (1750s);Henry David Thoreau's ""Essay on Civil Disobedience"" (1849);Preamble to the Knights of Labor Constitution (1878);Civil Service Reform;Pendleton Act (January 16, 1883);Colonization;Treaty of Peace Between the United States and Spain (Treaty of Paris) (December 10, 1898);Columbian Exchange;Letter of Christopher Columbus to Luis de Santángel (February 15, 1493);Commercialization;President Calvin Coolidge's Address Before the American Association of Advertising Agencies (October 27, 1926);Communism;The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels (1848);Conscription;The Atlanta Constitution: ""Wilson Working for Conscription: President Gets Behind General Staff 's Plan for Raising Army-Much Opposition to Conscription"" (April 10, 1917);Conservation Movement;President Theodore Roosevelt's Opening Address to the White House Conference of Governors (May 13, 1908);Conservatism;Ronald Reagan's ""A Time for Choosing"" Speech (October 27, 1964);Constitutionalism;Chapter XII from John Locke's ""Second Treatise of Government"" (1689);Consumerism;Wealth Against Commonwealth by Henry Demarest Lloyd (1894);Containment;George Kennan's ""Long Telegram"" (February 22, 1946);Corporatism;President Grover Cleveland's State of the Union Address (December 3, 1888);Counterculture;Announcement in the Newspaper Rag: ""This Thursday Is Gentle Thursday the Celebration of Our Belief That There Is Nothing Wrong with Fun"" (October 31, 1966);Creationism vs. Evolution;Testimony of Stephen Jay Gould, McLean v. Arkansas (1981);Crime;Homeland Security Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-296);D;Darwinism;Transcript of Clarence Darrow's Examination of William Jennings Bryan During the Scopes Monkey Trial (July 20, 1925);Democracy;Constitution of the United States (Ratified June 21, 1788);Diplomacy;President Ronald Reagan's Final Radio Address to the Nation (January 14, 1989);Disability Rights Movement;Draft Disability Rights Legislation (1942);Disease Eradication;Recommendations of the International Task Force for Disease Eradication (December 31, 1993);Divorce;California Family Law Act (September 5, 1969);E;Education;The New England Primer (1843);Elections;""Waltham Wide Awake,"" Boston Daily Advertiser (October 9, 1860);Electoral System;Article II, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution (1787);Enlightenment;Thomas Paine's ""Of the Religion of Deism: Compared with the Christian Religion, and the Superiority of the Former Over the Latter"" (1804);Environmental Movement;Henry David Thoreau's Walden; or, Life in the Woods (1854);Eugenics;Margaret Sanger's ""The Eugenic Value of Birth Control Propaganda"" (1921);Exodusters;Report of the Select Committee of the United States Senate to Investigate the Causes of the Removal of Negroes from the Southern States to the Northern States (1880);Expatriates;Expatriation Act (July 27, 1868);Volume 2: F-O;Half Title;Title;Copyright;Contents;F;Fascism;Testimony of General Smedley Butler Before the McCormack-Dickstein Committee (1934);Federalism;Clinton v. City of New York (June 25, 1998);Feminist Movement;The SCUM Manifesto (Society for Cutting Up Men) by Valerie Solanas (1967);Fitness Movement;Luther H. Gulick's Introduction to The Body Builder by Robert J. Roberts (1916);Fordism;My Life and Work by Henry Ford with Samuel Crowther (1922);Foreign Alliances;President George Washington's Farewell Address (September 17, 1796);Foreign Interventionism;President Woodrow Wilson's Address to Congress on the Mexican Crisis (April 20, 1914);Free Love Movement;Woodhull and Claflin's Weekly (August-October 1871);Free Speech Movement;Statement Issued by University of California at Berkeley, Student Organizations (October 2, 1964);Free Trade;North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) (1994);Freedom of Religion;Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom (January 16, 1786);Freedom of Speech;First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (December 15, 1791);An Act for the Punishment of Certain Crimes Against the United States (July 14, 1798);Freedom of the Press;The New