Travel and Tourism in Britain, 1700–1914
Description: The British led the way in holidaymaking. During the eighteenth century travelwas only available to the wealthiest people, but from the 1830s the railwaysbrought a transport revolution, opening up the chance for travel to all classes.As tourism grew in popularity, a whole new industry developed. Many new large,lively towns grew up around spas and at the seaside to meet the needs ofvisitors. Guidebooks were produced, aimed at all sorts of holidaymakers and thefirst travel agencies emerged.This four-volume primary resource collection brings together a diverse range oftexts on the various forms of transport used by tourists, the destinations theyvisited, the role of entertainments and accommodation and how these affected theway that tourism evolved over two centuries. Case studies on specific towns –Bath, Cheltenham and Tunbridge Wells – illustrate the rise of spa tourism,then studies of Brighton, Margate, Blackpool and Scarborough are used todemonstrate the later dominance of the seaside resort. The collection will be ofinterest to social and economic historians as well as those researching printculture and the history of tourism.
Contents: Volume 1: Travel and DestinationsTexts in this volume draw on accounts by early travellers, from short factuallists to longer subjective descriptions. Documents show how eagerly new forms oftransport were adopted and how they gave rise to different leisure activitiesand new destinations. Methods of travel covered include: early road travel byhorse or wagon, river travel via sail and steamships, railways, the safetybicycle, motorized transport (charabancs, coaches, buses, cars and bicycles) andfinally, air travel.General IntroductionEditorial PrinciplesSelect BibliographyPart I: TravelRoad Travel: G Keate, Sketches from Nature, 2 vols (1779), vol. 1, extract; SShaw, A Tour to the West of England in 1788 (1789), extract; H B MacLellan,Journal of a Residence in Scotland (1834), extractTravel Writing: [Anon.], A Guide to Stage Coaches Mails Diligences Waggons ..., extractWater Transport: J Greswell, Account of Runcorn and its Environs (1807),extract; J Chandler, The Seaman's Guide and New Coaster's Companion (1792),extract; J Cleland, Annals of Glasgow (1816), extract; C Guthrie, The Tourist'sCompanion (1822), extracts; E Parsons, The Tourist's Companion (1835), extracts;T H C, A Descriptive Tour in Scotland (1840), extractTravelling by Train: J Wyld, The London and Southampton Railway Guide (1839),extract; H B MacLellan, Journal of a Residence in Scotland (1834), extract; EParsons, The Tourist's Companion (1835), extract; G Mansell, The London andBirmingham Railway Guide (1838), extractsNew Transport: Royal Automobile Club, The Automobile Handbook (1904), extracts;[Ward, Lock & Co.], A Pictorial and Descriptive Guide to Cromer ... ,extracts; A J Wilson, Motor Trips at a Glance (1911), extracts; G C Home, TheMotor Routes of England (1911), extract; [The Motor Union], The Motor Union ofGreat Britain and Ireland, British and Irish Handbook (c.1908), extract; C NWilliamson and A M Williamson, The Lightning Conductor (1902), extract; RGreene, Cyclist, Northampton as a Cycling Centre, etc. (1889), extract; RFerris, How to Fly (1910), extractPart II: DestinationsLondon and Large Cities: J Macky, A Journey through England (1714), vol. 1,extracts; Rev W MacRitchie, Diary of a Tour through Great Britain in 1795(1897), extracts; [Anon.], Sunday Walks, round London and Westminster (1795),extract; [Anon.], The Saturday Half-Holiday Guide to London and the Environs(1868), extract; A Gentleman of Oxford, The New Oxford Guide (1786), extractExploring the Countryside: A Dennis, Journal of a Tour, through Great Part ofEngland and Scotland (1816), extract; J J Hissey, A Holiday on the Road (1887),extract; J A Gotch, Holiday Journeys in Northamptonshire (1889), extractCountry House Visiting: J Macky, A Journey through England (1722), vol. 2,extract; A F Hargrove, A Brief Description of Places of Public Interest in theCounty of York (1843), extra