Climates and Cultures
Description: ?Climate' is an old idea, but an idea which retains tremendous power,versatility and utility in today's world. For the Ancient Greeks, climate workedboth as index and as agency , and this dual function has recurred throughouthuman cultural history and it works too in contemporary discourses about climatechange. Climates change physically, but climates can also change ideologically.What climate means to different people in different places in different eras isnot stable. If culture is concerned with how human meaning, symbolism andpractice take on substantive and material forms, then studying climate throughculture is likely to be a fruitful activity. This Major Work is a valuablesynopsis of a diffuse discourse and captures some of the most important writingon climate and culture that has appeared since the 1980s. It provides astructure within which the recently growing body of work in human geography,anthropology, sociology and religious studies can be placed.
Contents: VOLUME ONE: CULTURES OF CLIMATE KNOWLEDGE The Classification of Climates fromPythagoras to Koeppen - Marie Sanderson The Definition of the Standard WMOClimate Normal - Antony Arguez and Russell Vose Linguistic Dimensions of Weatherand Climate Perception - Alan Stewart Meteorological Knowledge and EnvironmentalIdeas in Traditional and Modern Societies: The Case of Tibet - Toni Huber andPoul Pedersen Glaciers and Climate Change: Perspectives from Oral Tradition -Julie Cruikshank The Anxieties of a Science Diplomat: Field Coproduction ofClimate Knowledge and the Rise and Fall of Hans Ahlman's ?Polar Warming' -Sverker Sörlin Representing the Global Atmosphere: Computer Models, Data andKnowledge about Climate Change - Paul Edwards Verification, Validation andConfirmation of Numerical Models in the Earth Sciences - Naomi Oreskes, KristinShrader-Frechette and Kenneth Belitz Anticipating Nature: The ProductiveUncertainty of Climate Models - Kirsten Hastrup The Global Warming of ClimateScience: Climategate and the Construction of Scientific Facts - Marianne Ryghaugand Tomas Skjølsvold Anatomy of Dissent: A Cultural Analysis of ClimateSkepticism - Myanna Lahsen Sila Dialogues on Climate Change: Inuit Wisdom for aCross-Cultural Interdisciplinarity - Timothy Leduc Indigenous Climate Knowledgein Southern Uganda: The Multiple Components of a Dynamic Regional System - BenOrlove, Carla Roncoli, Merit Kabugo and Abushen Majigu Culture, Law, Risk andGovernance: Contexts of Traditional Knowledge in Climate Change Adaptation -Terry Williams and Preston Hardison ?We Have Seen It with Our Own Eyes': Why WeDisagree about Climate Change Visibility - Peter Rudiak-GouldVOLUME TWO: HISTORICAL READINGS OF CLIMATE Chinese Attitudes towards Climate -Cho-yun Hsu The Meteorological Framework and the Cultural Memory of Three SevereWinter-Storms in Early Eighteenth Century Europe - Christian Pfister, EmmanuelGarnier, Maria-João Alcoforado, Dennis Wheeler, Jürg Luterbacher, Maria Nunesand João Taborda Time, Talk and the Weather in Eighteenth-Century Britain - JanGolinski Climates as Commodities: Jean Pierre Purry and the Modelling of theBest Climate on Earth - Vladimir Jankovic Inventing Caribbean Climates: HowScience, Medicine, and Tourism Changed Tropical Weather from Deadly to Healthy -Mark Carey Seeing Climate through Culture - Lawrence Culver Perceiving,Explaining and Observing Climatic Changes: An Historical Case Study of the ?Yearwithout Summer' 1816 - Tom Bodenmann, Stefan Brönnimann, Gertrude Hadorn,Tobias Krüger and Helmut Weissert ?The Languor of the Hot Weather': EverydayPerspectives on Weather and Climate in Colonial Bombay, 1819?1828 - GeorgeAdamson Drought, Desiccation and Discourse: Missionary Correspondence andNineteenth-Century Climate Change in Central Southern Africa - Georgina Endfieldand David Nash Tropical Climate and Moral Hygiene: The Anatomy of a VictorianDebate - David Liv